Source: The Indian Nation Builders: Part 1, 7th ed. (Madras: Ganesh & Co.)

Bipin Chandra Pal

Bipin Chandra Pal was born in 1858 as the only son of Babu Ramachandra Pal, a District Munsiff.

Pal was sent to Calcutta to pursue his college career, where he came under the influence of Keshub Chunder Sen. This led to his becoming a Brahmo despite vehement disapproval from his relatives and being disowned by his father, though his father later left him in possession of all his property.

With the inheritance, Bipin Chandra Pal set up a high school of his own in his native district, which eventually proved to be a failure. Following this, Pal moved to Bangalore where he became the headmaster of a local high school for two years. It was around this time that he married a Brahmo lady. However, the marriage came to an abrupt end with her death.

Heart-broken, Pal renounced the world and wandered in the company of holy men whilst taking in the teachings of Satsanga. Upon his return, he began to participate in public movements. In response to Babu Kali Charan Banerjea’s lectures on extolling Christianity and denouncing Brahmonism, Pal delivered a series of lectures vindicating Brahmoism, which raised awareness of him in the public sphere.

With the Partition of Bengal, Pal, while not unknown in the political field hitherto, came to the forefront of the political fight. In 1907, Pal achieved the ‘crowning oratorical triumphs’ of his life, where he addressed large audiences for some six days. Pal was imprisoned for six months in 1907 for his refusal to take part in the case of Babu Aurobindo Ghose’s indiction for sedition on the grounds that he considered the prosecution detrimental to the country. Soon after Pal’s release, the appearance of the bomb resulted in widespread chaos in India. Pal recognised that there was no scope for his activities there and left for England in 1908 where he started a paper called Swaraj. The paper was eventually proscribed by the Government of India.

Source: The Indian Nation Builders: Part 1, 7th ed (Madras: Ganesh & Co.), 350-383



An Introduction to the Study of Hinduism: A Study in Comparative Religion (Calcutta: S. C. Gupta, 1908)

Speeches of Sri B.C. Pal: Delivered at Madras (Madras: Ganesh & Co., 1907)

Ideas of IndiaIdeas of India