G. Subramania Iyer

Born in 1855, Mr G. Subramania Iyer was the son of a Brahmin pleader practicing in the Munsiff’s Court of Tiruvadi. He received his early education at a local school and afterwards at St. Peter’s College in Tanjore. Trained as a teacher, he went on to take appointments at the Pachaiyappa’s High School in Madras and the Anglo-Vernacular School, Triplicane. Responding to the need for a journal articulating popular opinion, he established The Hindu as a weekly and served as its editor for twenty years. The Hindu became known as one of the principal exponents of independent public opinion. In 1892, he started the Swadesamitran as a weekly, realising his ambition for establishing a Tamil medium to educate the masses. After leaving The Hindu in 1898, he started a new weekly English journal called United India. He was also a prominent figure in the Indian National Congress, having been connected with it since its establishment. He was given the honour of moving the first Resolution in the first Congress. His disappointment in the public life of India led to his losing faith in ‘mendicant’ modes of agitation. Iyer was an avid Swadeshi and Boycotter, undertaking tours throughout South India to lecture on Swadeshism to the masses in the vernacular. He was also known for being a practical social reformer, remarrying his widowed daughter which led to his social ostracism for a time. He died in 1916. Source: The Indian Nation Builders, Part I, 7th ed (Madras: Ganesh & Co., 1915), 97-110  


Some Economic Aspects of British Rule in India (Madras: The Swadesamitran Press, 1903) Heroes of the Hour: Mahatma Gandhi, Tilak Maharaj, Sir S. Subramania Iyer (Madras: Ganesh & Co., 1918)

Ideas of IndiaIdeas of India