Source: Prof. Bhola Bannerjee, “Sarojini Naidu”, Eminent Indians Vol. 2, ed. Ermine A. Brown (Calcutta: Shanti Mitra, 1948)
Sarojini Naidu was born in 1879 at Hyderabad. The daughter of the founder of Nizam’s College and a mother who had written some Bengali poems in her younger days, she grew up in an intellectual environment and left for England after winning a State Scholarship at the age of sixteen.
In 1925, she was elected the President of the National Congress, the second woman after Dr. Annie Besant to have held that position and was known for her oratorical prowess. She also did work in the Womens’ Conference and the P.E.N Organisation. A precocious writer from a young age, she was elected to the fellowship of the Royal Society of Literature in 1914. Her three volumes of poetry, written in English, have been translated into all Indian languages.
She was actively involved with women’s movements in India and the welfare of Indian students. She also participated in the Non Co-operation Movement and was imprisoned in 1930 for taking over Mahatma Gandhi’s movement following his arrest. Though she was unconditionally released in 1931, she was again imprisoned in 1932 for being the Acting President of the Indian National Congress, which had been declared illegal by the Government. She died in 1949.
Sources: Prof. Bhola Bannerjee,“Sarojini Naidu”, Eminent Indians Vol. 2, ed. Ermine A. Brown (Calcutta: Shanti Mitra, 1948), 208-213; Indian Who’s Who 1935, ed. Waman P. Kabadi (Bombay: 1935), 373; The Royal Coronation Number and Who’s Who in India, Burma and Ceylon, ed. and comp. Thos. Peters (Poona: The Sun Publishing House, 1937), 157
The Golden Threshold (London: William Heinemann, 1905)
The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death & the Spring (London: William Heinemann; New York: John Lane Company, 1912)
The Broken Wing: Songs of Love, Death & Destiny (1915-1916) (London: William Heinemann; New York: John Lane Company, 1917)
Speeches and Writings of Sarojini Naidu, 3rd ed (Madras: G.A. Natesan & Co.)