Source: What India Thinks, comp. and ed. C. Roberts (Calcutta: The National Literature Company, 1939)

Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose was born in 1897, the son of Janakinath Bose, a leading lawyer of Cuttack.

He had been part of the Indian Civil Service but had resigned in 1921. After his resignation, he undertook leadership positions across several corporations and took up the post of President for the Bengal Provincial Congress several years. In 1924, he was arrested under Regulation III of 1818, an imprisonment which marked the beginning of many others. After his release from prison in 1927, he joined the Non- Co-operation movement and took part in the boycott of the Simon Commission.

He was subsequently jailed again during the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930 and was imprisoned as a state prisoner during the Satyagraha Movement. He was elected Mayor of Calcutta in succession of the late Mr. J.M Sen Gupta while in prison and was briefly released but arrested again in 1931. Though he was accorded permission to return to India due to his father’s failing health, he was ordered to head back to Europe upon his demise. Following his release in 1937, he went on to become President of the Indian National Congress from 1938-1939 and was subsequently elected to serve a 2nd time from 1939-1940. Yet, differences with the Congress High Command led to his eventual resignation and he was banned from holding a seat in Congress for holding a protest meeting against it. After his resignation, he formed a left-wing party within the Congress., Forward Bloc.

Sources: The Royal Coronation Number and Who’s Who in India, Burma and Ceylon, ed. and comp. by Thos. Peters (Poona: The Sun Publishing House, 1937), 121; Indian Who’s Who, 1937-1938,  ed. Waman P. Kabadi (Bombay: Yeshanand & Co., 1937), 109; K.R. Khosla, The States, Estates and Who’s Who in India & Burma (Lahore: The Imperial Publishing Co., 1942), 175; S.C. Sarkar, Hindustan Year Book and Who’s Who 1940 (Calcutta: M.C. Sarkar & Sons, 1940), 381-382

Works

Fifty-first Indian National Congress : Presidential Address of Shri Subhas Chandra Bose ([S.I]: Haripura, 1938)

 

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