Source: P. Seshadri, Har Bilas Sarda Commemoration Volume (Ajmer: Vedic Yantralaya, 1937)
Har Bilas Sarda
Har Bilas Sarda, educator, judge and statesman, was born 3rd June 1867.
He started life as a teacher in a government college in Ajmer and eventually became Master of the College. Sarda was later transferred to the Judicial Department in 1892. In 1894, he was appointed Guardian to H. H. the Maharaja of Jaisalmer but in 1902, he reverted to British Service in Ajmer Merwara. His legal career began progression in 1919, when he became the Subordinate Judge of the 1st class in Ajmer and Sub-Judge and Judge of small cases court in Beawar. In 1921, his posts in Beawar were discontinued and he became Judge of small cases court in Ajmer till 1923. Har Bilas Sarda was also the Senior Judge of Chief Court, Jodhpur.
In 1924, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly and his political career began thus. He was re-elected to the Assembly in 1927 and 1930. He also served as Deputy Leader of the Nationalist Party in the Legislative Assembly. He presided over the Indian National Social Conference at Lahore, 1929, and the All-India Vaisya Conference at Bareilly in 1930.
Har Bilas Sarda was also a member of the Primary Education Committee, the General Retrenchment Committee and the General Purposes Committee, all appointments by the Government of India. He was also a member of the standing finance committee. While holding these positions, he managed to push forward with various social reforms, particularly the Child Marriage Restraint Act, which pegged marriage ages at 18 for women and 21 for men. This act became known as the “Sarda Act”. Other policy amendments that he led include the Ajmer Merwara Court fees Amendment Act and the Juvenile Smoking Prevention Act.
Har Bilas Sarda also served as Senior Vice-Chairman in theMunicipal Committee, Ajmer and was President of the Raiputana Provincial Hindu Conference in1936.
Sources: Thomas Peters, The Royal Coronation Number and Who’s Who in India, Burma and Ceylon (Poona: Sun Publishing House, 1937); Indian Who’s Who 1937-38, ed. Waman P. Kabadi (Bombay: Yeshanand & Co., 1937), 20-22
Hindu Superiority: An attempt to determine the position of the Hindu race in the scale of nations (Ajmer: Rajputana, 1906)
Speeches and writing (Ajmer: Vedic Yantralaya, 1935)